As the United States seeks to avoid overreliance on military forces to fight terrorism abroad, law enforcement agencies—international and domestic—will play an even more important role. America can learn much from its allies in this regard. Many U.S. allies, such as the United Kingdom and France, have experienced both foreign and domestic terrorist threats to their homelands, and most lack “over-the-horizon” military capabilities to mitigate these threats. Spain, in particular, has developed new and creative approaches to law enforcement in its struggle against terrorism.
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Kim Cragin, Ph.D. is a senior research fellow for Special Operations and Counterterrorism at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at National Defense University. Prior to NDU-INSS, Dr. Cragin was a senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation and also has taught as an adjunct professor at Georgetown University and the University of Maryland.
Michael Bartlett was a 2021 summer intern at the National Defense University. He graduated in May 2021 from Binghamton University, where he specialized in Middle East and North African studies.
Will Crass was a 2021 summer intern at the National Defense University. He is pursuing his master’s degree at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, where he focuses on the Middle East. He is interested in the intersection of politics and religion, as well as political movements in Iraq and the Levant, and is currently researching Northern Iraq’s disputed territories.